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Mboga Tuu/Jim's Fresh - is a fresh produce of Fruits & Vegetables

Bean Growing

Land Prep:

This is very basic and must take into account drainage as beans are very prone to water logging. It is important to note that like any crop, good start will ensure a good crop and to this end, land has to be adequately prepared to a fine tilth and good drainage.

Seeds:

These are normally sourced from reputed sources with good germination %ge, purity and must be tested by KEPHIS and a certificate confirming quality, purity, germination etc issued. Normally the market will determine what to plant but growers are looking for: disease resistance varieties (rust tolerance), heat tolerant variety, whether you want extra fine or just fine pods and pod color and texture. Large scale growers buy seeds in bags of 100,000 pcs and small scale does in 1 kg packs.

Normally a seed count of btw 270,000pcs to 320,000 pcs is ideal for 1 ha. (10,000sqm.) This will translate into a spacing of 7-10cm from seed to seed planted on double raw if you are doing raised beds.

Beans mature btw 45 -60 days depending on day and night temperatures. Too cool night temperatures lengthens maturity sometimes upto 75 days.

Pests range from bean fly, cutworms and leaf miners at early stages, to mites, cartapillar, thrips and aphid during growing and podding stages. Prophylactic sprays are preferred. Once scouting is done, and pest/disease threshold levels are reached, then corrective sprays can be done.The sprays range from  drenching at germination for soil born problems (nematodes, beanfly/cutworms, bacterial/fungual infections) to full foliar sprays during growing.

Diseases also ranges from leaf rust to angular leaf spots and for these, there are good fungicides against the same. With good choice of variety to plant, most diseases on beans can be managed by prophylactic sprays using soft products.

Feeding:

Good soils with lots of organic matter is essential for good results. Once in a while, soil tests/analysis has to be done but a general rule is that a good source of P should be used at planting, top dress from wk 3 with a balanced NPK fertilizers and a final one with rich sources of K at wk 6. Soil analysis report will guide one in making decisions on what to apply. This is a general regime especially for soils with are alkaline.

The same fertilization regime must be supported with foliar sprays of foliar fertilizers this time, incorporating foliars that are rich in micro micro nutrients to correct micro nutrient defieciecies.

The use of crop protection products for beans destined for EU is very restricted. Normally the market will guide on this and Good Agricultural Practices has to be followed. This is ensured by getting the Farm get certified by Global Gap Standards and other relevant Standards. It involves lots of record keeping and having basic structures for storing chem, fert and good holding shades for produce etc. This is besides having competent personnel in key decision making activities (Agronomist)

Yields;

This ranges from 8-14 Tonnes per ha. An average yield of 12 Tones is a good yield giving the farmer good returns at farm gate prices. Average production costs on 1ha would be in the range of 250,000 to 300,000/=. It is important to note that yield could as well be expressed per bag planted. Anything in the range of 3.2 tones – 5 tones per bag is a good yield.

Labor requirements is intense during harvesting as the pods have to be picked at the right spec failure to which it gets seeded or goes over spec. Weeding again is becoming a big cost but with the trials going on, the use of suitable herbicides will bring this down.

 

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